Friday, 9 May 2014

Want a Young Child to “Help” or “Be a Helper”? Word Choice Matters

This is the excerpt discussed in briefing this morning. The research is from:  Christopher J. Bryan, assistant professor of psychology at UC San Diego.
How do you get a preschooler to help with chores and other household tasks? A new study suggests that adults’ word choice can make a big difference.
The study, by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, the University of Washington and Stanford University, appears in the journal Child Development.
The researchers carried out two experiments with about 150 children aged 3 to 6 from a variety of ethnic and racial backgrounds who came from middle- to upper-middle-class homes. In both experiments, an adult experimenter began by talking to children about helping. The only difference between the two studies was that in one, helping was referred to with a verb (e.g., “Some children choose tohelp”), while in the other, it was referred to with a noun (e.g., “Some children choose tobe helpers”). Then the children began playing with toys. While they were playing, the adult provided four opportunities for the youngsters to stop and help the experimenter – to pick up a mess, open a container, put away toys, and pick up crayons that had spilled on the floor. In each case, the children had to stop playing to help.
The researchers also gathered baseline data, looking at to what extent a child chose to help the experimenter when helping was never mentioned.
Children who heard the noun wording (helper) helped significantly more than children who heard the verb wording (help). When the experimenter talked to youngsters about helping, using verb wording, the children didn’t help any more than when the experimenter never brought up helping at all.
“These findings suggest that parents and teachers can encourage young children to be more helpful by using nouns like helper instead of verbs like helping when making a request of a child,” said Christopher J. Bryan, assistant professor of psychology at UC San Diego, who worked on the study. “Using the noun helper may send a signal that helping implies something positive about one’s identity, which may in turn motivate children to help more.”
Earlier work by Bryan demonstrated that word choice matters with adults as well: People cheated less and voted more when encouraged to be a voter or not be a cheater. See “Do the Right Thing” for more.
Chris Bryan

Tuesday, 6 May 2014


And so it begins!

 Have a look across the top of the blog. You will see a new page has arrived - it's full of videos explaining how to 'blog' using our new blogs in school.

 Give it a go. There is a 'training blog' set up for you to play with.

Do what you like on it or with it (except deleting it!). It's there to be messed around with.

 Once you're feeling confident - create a blog with your year group partner for your year group. What can you add to it? How can it be used as a source of learning?